It is known to have anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiviral and other health beneficial properties and hence, has been used in medicine since ancient times. Anti-oxidants and various valuable nutrients in ginger can help prevent infections and inflammation in human body. Nausea, stomach pain, cold, cough and indigestion are some of the health ailments that are usually cured with Ginger remedial preparations at home.

Ginger is most commonly known for its effectiveness as a digestive aid. The primary known constituents of Ginger Root include gingerols, zingibain, bisabolenel, oleoresins, starch, essential oil (zingiberene, zingiberole, camphene, cineol, borneol), mucilage, and protein.

Ginger, a knobby, fibrous root, has smooth light brown skin with sheen to it. The flesh of the root is white. Ginger root is a seasoning and flavors sweets, including cakes, cookies, breads, and beverages. It is also good in sauces, and fruit dishes, and is often used heavily in Asian cooking.

In the world market Indian ginger is popularly known as 'cochin ginger' (NUGC) and 'calicut ginger' (NUGK). Ginger is available in a variety of forms like oils, oleoresins, fresh ginger in brine, pickles, candies and syrups. Ginger that is Garbled/ungarbled; bleached/unbleached has a predominant position in production and export. We also market the bleached and powdered forms of ginger.


Available in two forms: young and mature.Young roots, also called green or spring ginger, has a pale, thin skin that requires no peeling, is very tender and has a milder flavor. It can be grated, chopped, or julienned for use. Mature ginger root has a tough skin that must be peeled away to get to the fibrous flesh and is usually grated, chopped or ground for use

1. Dehydrated
2. Fresh

India is a leading Ginger producer in the world and produces around 385.33 thousand tons every year. The India also Exports ginger which has increased from 8,332.91 tons in 2007-08 to 40,616.35 tons in 2019-20. The Ginger exports are bound to rise every year


Rio-de-Janeiro is one of the popular varieties of ginger. This variety can be identified by certain characteristics. The size of the rhizome is bold while the colour of the skin is buff. Also, Rio-de-Janeiro is pungent, known for high flavour and is less fibrous.


Thingpui is one of the varieties of ginger grown in India. This variety of ginger is pungent. The size of the rhizome of the Thingpui is said to be medium. The colour of the skin can be identified as a buff. Thingpui is less fibrous and has a high amount of flavour.


Wynad is a variety of ginger, one of the earliest known oriental spices. The size of the rhizome of Wynad is bold. The colour of the skin is buff like many other varieties of ginger. It is pungent and less fibrous.


Maran is a variety of ginger which is pungent and has a high flavour. The size of the rhizome of the Maran is said to be medium. The colour of the skin of Maran is buff. And this variety of ginger is less fibrous.


Nadia is a type of ginger which is yellowish in colour. The size of the rhizome is said to be medium to bold for the Nadia variety of Ginger. Nadia is moderately pungent and mild flavoured. It is also less fibrous compared to other varieties of Ginger.


Released in 2001, this variety of ginger is lumpy and round in shape. It is said to have bold rhizomes with three-layered compact clumps. This variety has low fibre content and is rich in Rich in oil & oleoresin.


The IISR-Mahima was released in the year 2001 and is plumpy. The areas of adoption for this variety of ginger include Kerala. This variety of ginger has bold rhizomes with fibre content. The IISR-Mahima is resistant to root-knot nematode.


IISE-Varada is good quality and a high yielding variety of Ginger. It has plumpy rhizomes and medium-sized reddish-brown scales. Farmers say that the Varada variety is tolerant to diseases and has low fibre content.